Go to list of cultivars. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The conspicuous fringe covers most of the nut. Other than that, the English Oak has few problems.  A 20-year-old tree will be about 20 ft (6 m) tall if grown in full sun. Bur oaks commonly get to be 200 to 300 years old, and may live up to 400 years. It withstands chinook conditions in Calgary, Alberta. The stately bur oak, native to the Midwest, is a great choice as a shade tree and for specimen plantings in parks, spacious yards, and other large areas. Urban Pinnacle® (Quercus macrocarpa 'JFS-KW3): Form is narrow and pyramidal (25 feet wide). The stately bur oak, native to the Midwest, is a great choice as a shade tree and for specimen plantings in parks, spacious yards, and other large areas. For this reason, it is an important tree on the eastern prairies, often found near waterways in otherwise more forested areas, where there is a break in the canopy. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. They are deciduous members of the white oak group and grow to heights between 60 and 150 feet tall (18 to 46 m.). Oak wilt is a serious disease of oaks.Bur oak blight has been found in isolated areas in Illinois. The acorns are very large, 1–2 in (2.5–5 cm) long and 3⁄4–1 1⁄2 in (2–4 cm) broad, having a large cup that wraps much of the way around the nut, with large overlapping scales and often a fringe at the edge of the cup.. Acorns are much smaller than typical for bur oak. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! It hybridizes with both these species. The wood when sawn transversely shows the characteristic annual rings formed by secondary thickening.  The bark is gray with distinct vertical ridges. ", Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quercus_macrocarpa&oldid=990806748, Trees of the Plains-Midwest (United States), Flora of the Great Plains (North America), Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 16:38. Among the white oaks, it is one of the most tolerant of urban conditions, and is one of the fastest-growing of the group. The vast majority of the populations are found in the eastern Great Plains, the Mississippi–Missouri–Ohio Valley, and the Great Lakes region. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". Fall color is yellow. Large acorns with fringed caps attract birds and small mammals. The terminal lobe can be fiddle-shaped.Leaves are lustrous, dark green above with lighter silvery green beneath.Fall color is yellow-brown. Large bur oaks, older than 12 years, are fire-tolerant because of their thick bark. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Heritage® Macdaniel's oak (Quercus x macdaniellii 'Clemson'): This is a hybrid between Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa) and English oak (Quercus robur). The dark green foliage of this hybrid is resistant to powdery mildew. The acorns are the largest of any North American oak (thus the species name macrocarpa, from Ancient Greek μακρός makrós "large" and καρπός karpós "fruit"), and are an important wildlife food; American black bears sometimes tear off branches to get them. Most often, the basal two-thirds is narrower and deeply lobed, while the apical third is wider and has shallow lobes or large teeth. Its massive trunk has gray to brown furrowed bark and its branches bear lustrous dark green leaves that turn yellow-brown in fall. Its massive trunk has gray to brown furrowed bark and its branches bear lustrous dark green leaves that turn yellow-brown in fall. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Bur oak is sometimes confused with overcup oak and the white oak, Quercus alba. Summer foliage is glossy dark green, changing to yellow in fall. Can be affected by pests such as the leaf galls and kermes scale. If you are thinking of planting a bur oak, you’ll want to take height into account when selecting a site. The bur oak is the only known foodplant of Bucculatrix recognita caterpillars. However, heavy nut crops are borne only every few years. , The name sometimes is spelled "burr oak", as for example in Burr Oak State Park in Ohio, the cities of Burr Oak, Iowa and Burr Oak, Kansas, the village of Burr Oak, Michigan, and in the title Burr Oaks by poet Richard Eberhart. use escape to move to top level menu parent.  The West Virginia state champion bur oak has a trunk diameter of almost 3 m (10 ft). Keep in mind that the trees also have broad, rounded crowns. , Quercus macrocarpa is cultivated by plant nurseries for use in gardens, in parks, and on urban sidewalks. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Quercus macrocarpa, the bur oak, sometimes spelled burr oak, is a species of oak in the white oak section Quercus sect. Other wildlife, such as deer and porcupine, eat the leaves, twigs and bark. It is one of the slowest-growing oaks, with a growth rate of 1 ft (30 cm) per year when young. Quercus macrocarpa is widespread in the Atlantic coastal plain from New Brunswick to North Carolina, west as far as Alberta, eastern Montana, Wyoming, and northeastern New Mexico. The flowers are greenish-yellow catkins, produced in the spring. Bur oak typically grows in the open, away from forest canopy. It is drought resistant, possibly because of its long taproot. It has been planted in many climates, ranging northwards to Anchorage, Alaska, and as far south as Mission, Texas. Not ornamentally important. The following menu has 3 levels. , Quercus macrocarpa is a large deciduous tree growing up to 98 ft (30 m), rarely 160 ft (50 m), in height, and is one of the most massive oaks with a trunk diameter of up to 10 ft (3 m); reports of taller trees occur, but have not been verified. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. “This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Drought tolerant once established.Prune oaks in the dormant season to avoid attracting beetles that may carry oak wilt. Cattle are heavy browsers in some areas. Bur oaks are the dominant trees that grace Arbor Day Farm and the hills and valleys surrounding Nebraska City. Anthracnose, bacterial leaf scorch, and powdery mildew. Resistant to powdery mildew and anthracnose. For places named after the oak, see, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T33991A2839807.en, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Bur Oak – Could it be our best fast-growing shade tree? Fruit ripens in the fall. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Bur oak trees are medium to large sized trees. Quercus, native to North America in the eastern and central United States and eastern and central Canada. Use enter to activate. Mature bark is dark gray to brown with deep furrows. It occurs from southern New Brunswick and New England westward to the Dakotas and southeastern Montana, and south to Tennessee, Arkansas, and the central prairies of Texas Œ with rare outliers in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. This tree is pH tolerant and is somewhat tolerant of slat spray. However, other sources state that a bur oak tree that is planted in the ground grows up to 3 ft (91 cm) per year. Large, 2 inch diameter, fringed acorns. Bur oak makes an outstanding ornamental tree. The leaves of bur oaks have a glossy dark-green face with a greenish white underside. Our communities. Our future. Quercus, native to North America in the eastern and central United States and eastern and central Canada. , The leaves are 2 3⁄4–6 in (7–15 cm) long and 2–5 in (5–13 cm) broad, variable in shape, with a lobed margin. Stop by, email, or call. This plant is also called mossycup oak and mossycup white oak. Bur oaks have noticeably larger leaves with a less defined shape compared to the leaves of white oak trees. Without fires, bur oak is often succeeded by other tree and shrub species that are more shade-tolerant. Alternate leaf arrangement.Large, 4 to 10 inch long leaves with 5 to 7 rounded lobes. Our trees. But some problems include cankers, shoestring root rot, oak wilt, powdery mildew, anthracnose, leaf spots, chestnut blight, and oak leaf blister. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. There, on the banks of the lower Missouri River, this magnificent oak is close to the heart of its natural range. Have tree and plant questions? Best planted in well-drained soil in full sun. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.
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